Table of Content

    15 October 2005, Volume 26 Issue 4
    Mathematics
    The Discontinuous Mixed Problem for Degenerate Elliptic Equations of Second Order
    WEN Guo-Chun
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  1-7. 
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    The present paper deals with discontinuous mixed problem for degenerate elliptic equations of second order.Firstly the formulation and estimates of solutions of the problem for the equations are given,and then the uniqueness and existence of solutions for the above problem are proved by the complex analytic method.
    On the Smarandache φ-Sequence
    LE Mao-Hua
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  8-9. 
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    By using some methods of elementary number theory,the author completely determines the Smarandache φ-sequence.
    A Simplified Method for Deriving the Explicit Runge-Kutta’s Formula
    SUN Jian-Zhu, JI Hai-Jun
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  10-11. 
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    The authors give a simplified method to derive the 4th order explicit Runge-Kutta formula.This idea can also be used to construct the other methods,for example,C.W.Gear’s method.
    Physics and electronics
    Design And Realization Of Auto Far-Distance Alarm Device Based On DTMF-MT8880
    XIE Hong, ZHOU Ying-Tang, HE Yi-Gang
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  12-14. 
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    A kind of auto far-distance alarm device based on telephone wire is designed and realized.It has the abilities of identifying the moving direction of railroad train,auto fault location of device,alarming and recording alarm information and supervisory controlling.The design of hardware and software and the program of far-distance communication are given.
    Distributed  State Estimation Based on Unscented Kalman Filter
    XIONG Wei, ZHANG Jing-Wei, HE You
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  15-20. 
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    In most applications of distributed multisensor system,the system dynamics or observation equations are nonlinear.The Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) is the most common approach for distributed multisensor nonlinear state estimation.It is well known that the performance of the EKF may not be always good due to the linearization error.In addition,the derivation of the Jacobian matrices is nontrivial in most applications and often lead to implementation difficulties.To address distributed multisensor nonlinear state estimation problems,the paper proposes a novel state estimation method based on the unscented kalman filter.The Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) is a novel method for nonlinear filtering.The UKF can be more easily applied for nonlinear state estimation,because the UKF does not approximate the nonlinear state and measurement equations.Moreover,The UKF can get more accurate estimation than the EKF.At last,a Monte Carlo simulation is used to analyze the performance of the method.The results of the simulation prove that the new method will get more accurate estimation than the distributed Extended Kalman Filter.
    Research on Treatment Effect Under Intermittent Cross-Flow of Oil Wastewater by Ultrafiltration Membrane
    HE De-Wen
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  21-25. 
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    Polyethylene glycol membranes with different molecular weight cut-offs under intermittent cross-flow condition are used to treat oil wastewater,and their experimental conditions including pressure,temperature on permeate rate and removal rate of chemical oxygen demand (CODCr) are studied in the paper.The results show the permeate rate of ultrafiltration membrane can be influenced by pressure and temperature,and pressure is chosen between 0.3~0.7 MPa to the PEG with molecular weight cut-offs of 8 000 and between 0.7~1.0 MPa to the PEG with molecular weight cut-offs of 2 500,and temperature is chosen between 25~32 ℃.The UF membrane under intermittent cross-flow operating mode can remove up to 93% COD.
    Biological resources
    The Faunastic Characteristics of Terrestrial Isopoda of Typical Zones in China
    CHEN Guo-Xiao
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  26-28. 
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    From an analysis of 72 species of terristial isopoda collected in 20 sampling areas throughout 5 typical zones (i.e.,tropical,subtropical,warm temperate,temperate and high frigid) in China,the author found out the following specific faunastic characteristics among terrestrial isopoda of typical zones:1.with strong regional differences in distribution and more zonal special species;2.the leading position is occupied by the fauna of tropical and subtropical zones of Oriental Realm;3.the ecological habitats among species are diversified;4.as compared with Japanese species,there are big differences between species category.More than 84% indigenous Chinese species are different from Japanese species,indicating the existence of further strong faunastic diffeences on species distribution.
    Effect  of Purification of  Echinococcus Antigen on Immune Response with Specific Immunoglobulin G
    ZHENG Guang-Yu, ZHAO Rong-Le
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  29-33. 
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    The level of specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) in sera of hydatidosis patients against Echinococcus granulosus antigen is detected in dot-immunobinding assay with purified and crude Echinococcus granulosus antigens.The experiment carried out with purified antigen and the serum 1∶200 obtains higher specificity (98.9%);meanwhile,the experiment maintains the higher sensitivity (93.7%) which is obtained in the experiment carried out with crude antigen and the serum dilution 1∶400.These results indicate that in the research of specific immunoglobulin G in sera of hydatidosis patients anti-Echinococcus granulosus antigen,higher sensitivity (93.7%) and higher specificity (98.4,98.9%) can be obtained with purified Echinococcus granulosus antigen and crude Echinococcus granulosus antigen respectively;higher specificity is achieved when purified antigen is used,but there is no significant difference between purified and crude antigen in statistics.
    Doctoral Forum
    A Note on C*-Seminorms of *-Algebras
    LU Dan-Cheng
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  34-36. 
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    A bijection  between the C*-seminorms and balanced subsets of positive linear functionals over a *-algebra is established.Some applications are given in this direction.
    An Algorithm Based on the Simulated Annealing Genetic Algorithm for Multiple Sequence Alignment
    HU Gui-Wu, ZENG Xiu, HUANG Hui
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  37-40. 
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    The mixed algorithms of genetic algorithms and simlutated annealing algorithm are put forward.The new algorithm not only sufficiently exerts the advantages of the two algorithms,but also improves the computing precision and speed.The algorithm simulates the recurrence of nature evolution process,and solves the contradiction between the diversity of population and the convergence speed.The experiment shows that the algorithm is effective.
    Optimization of Time-Varied Functions Based on AIS
    XU Xue-Song, DENG Zhi, WANG Yong
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  41-44. 
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    Referring to immune optimization mechanism,an artificial immune system for time-varied functions optimization is presented.In this paper,a clone and selection operator is constructed to act as the main search operator by mimic the clone and selection process of B cell,and a immune network is constructed to realize self-organization and memory of the optimal and is used to conduct the following search process.The simulation results show that the algorithm has good performance on optimization for time-varied functions.
    Studies on the Synthesis and Grafting of the Salicylate Pillared Hydrotalcite Organic/Inorganic Hybrid
    GUO Jun, GE Ke, HE Shen-Yang, LI Jia-Qi, LIU Xin
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  45-49. 
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    In this paper,salicylate-pillared MgAl hydrotalcite organic/inorganic hybrid was synthesized by using direct anion exchange method in the aqueous solution with NO3-MgAl as precursor,and was characterized by XRD,IR and DTA.The guest-host interaction in the synthesized sample was investigated.Results show that the thermal stabilities of the brucite-like layers and the inserted anion pillars in the salicylate pillared hydrotalcite are largely improved due to the guest-host interaction.DTA combined with the XRD and IR studies  of the sample calcined at different temperatures reveal that the grafting of the guest anions to the host brucite-like  layers takes place during the thermal processing accompanying the Hydrogen-bonding formation,and the proper grafting temperatures are between  the elimination of water molecules from the interlayer space and the elimination of the hydroxyl groups from the brucite-like layers.
    The Variation of Seed Vigor Among Different Mating Combinations of Tulip
    LI Huo-Gen, ZHU Shuang-Feng, XU Meng
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  50-54. 
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    A mating design,including full-sib and half-sib from Liriodendron chinense,L.tulipifera and their hybrid,was conducted.The seed plumpness,seed viability and germination ability of 27 mating combinations were studied.The results showed that the seed plumpness of L.chinense,L.tulipifera and their hybrid were 9.00%,17.57% and 29.44% respectively.The average seed viability of L.chinense,L.tulipifera and hybrid were 5.11%,10.76% and 16.95% respectively.L.chinense and hybrid had almost the same germination ratio and germination energy (0.17%),while L.tulipifera was a little better with 1.29% germination ratio and 1.02% germination energy.Combing all the three seed vigor traits,it can be concluded that hybrid was the best,L.chinense was the worst.Meanwhile,a visible variation was found among individuals within provenance for those seed vigor traits studied.A clear rule was found that the seed vigor of combinations derived from control-pollination was better than that from open-pollination.
    Key disciplines
    Sufficient Conditions for Nonsingular Block H-matrices
    MO Hong-Min, LI Bin
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  55-58. 
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    Block H-matrices play an important role for convergence of block iterative methods of the system of linear equations.In  this paper,on the basis of determining point H-matrices,the authors get some sufficient conditions for nonsingular H-matrices by applying block matrix technology,improving and extending some of the recent corresponding results.
    On a New Property of Uniparted Hyperboloid
    PENG Xue-Mei
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  59-61. 
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    It is proved that the surface organized by all the straight lines which are coplanar with three u-family rectilinear generators of an uniparted hyperboloid,which are not coincident with each other,is exactly the primal uniparted hyperboloid.
    Influence of Motherliquor on Shear Yield Strength
    ZHOU Xiao-Qing, WU Yun-Wen
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  62-65. 
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    Change of molecular magnetic moment of motherliquor and shear yield strength are studied in magnetorheological fluid.It is found from the study that   if magnetic induction strength is small,relative error of shear yield strength  linearly increases as magnetic induction strength increases,and it rapidy increase as electrons in molecule of  motherliquor increase.While the relative error hardly changes if magnetic induction strength increases to some value. In order to decrease error,molecule with less electrons must be as chosen as the motherliquor.
    Comparison of Eucommia Key Fruit Seed Oil and Kiwi Fruit Seed Oil
    MA Cheng-Jin, MA Mei-Hu, ZHANG Yong-Kang, LI Jia-Xing
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  66-69. 
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    By comparison of fatty acid component,α-linolenic acid content,and physical chemical properties between Eucommia key fruit seed oil and Kiwi fruit seed oil through GC and physical chemical analysis methods,it is shown that both are very similar not only in GC fingerprint chromatography,component and content of fatty acid,but also in refractive index,density,odor,color and so on.It can be concluded that the  Eucommia key fruit seed oil must have the same value of exploitation and health functions as Kiwi fruit seed oil.
    Mathematics
    The Periodic Solutions for a Class of Nonlinear Differential Equations
    LIU Jun, SHEN Yan-Ping
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  70-75. 
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    In this paper,the existence and the stability of periodic solutions for a class of nonlinear differential equations are studied by using the method of Liapunov function.The sufficient conditions which guarantee the existence,uniqueness and asymptotic stability of periodic solutions are presented.
    An  Arithmetic  Function  and the   K-th  Roots of  a  Postive Integers
    GAO Li, QI Lan, ZHAO Yuan-E
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  76-78. 
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    Let  n  be  any  postive  integer,ak(n)  denotes  the  integer  part  of  k-th  root  of  n.Let  p  be  a  prime,ep(n)  denotes  the  largest exponent  of  power p which  divides  n.The  main  purpose  of  this  paper  is  to  study  the  mean  value  properties  of  ep(ak(n)) and  give  an  interesting  asymptotic  formula  for  it.
    The Stechkin-Marchaud-Type Inequalities of the Generalized Baskakov Operators
    WANG Li
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  79-83. 
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    By using the 2-weighted modulus of smoothness ω2φλ(f,t)(0≤λ≤1),the Stechkin-Marchaud-Type inequalities of the generalized Baskakov operators are studied.
    Critical Groups For Some Graphs With Large Number of Edges
    XU You-Zhuan, HOU Yao-Ping
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  84-88. 
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    The critical group of a connected graph is a finite abelian group whose order is the number of spanning trees in the graph and is closely related to the graph Laplacian.In this paper,the critical groups for some graphs with large number of edges,such as Kn-K1,m,Kn-Km,Kn-mK2,Kn,n-nK2,are determined completely.
    Physics and electronics
    The Idle Speed Model of Engine Based on BP Neural Network
    PENG Fu-Ming
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  89-91. 
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    The model of engine idle speed is the base of engine control.It is nonlinear model.Neural network is used to model the idle speed of engine.The actual data of engine are used as neural network training data.The effectiveness of the presented method is demonstrated by the simulation results and theoretical analysis.
    Interface Technology of Image Device Based on TWAIN
    JIN Zhong, LIU Bo-Feng, ZHANG Lin-Shan, ZHENG Ju-Shuang, TANG Sheng-Xue, ZHANG Jin-Song, ZHOU Da-Yu
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  92-95. 
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    TWAIN is a software interface for image device.Its architecture,communication protocols and session states are introduced in this article,and the practical problems of using the TWAIN protocol in VC++.net are also resolved.The TWAIN protocols is an applied and efficient method to resolve the data transmit between image software and image device.
    Computer
    Application and Network Simulation Based on OPNET
    LI Fang-Jun, SONG Zheng
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  96-98. 
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    Network simulation is a new network planning and designing technique.OPNET can finish all simulation of different communication systems,including key network,access network,wireless network,satellite network and kinds of mixing type networks,etc.In this paper,the concept,characteristics and application of network simulation have been discussed,and the method and process of network simulation based on OPNET are given.By simulation,it presents a relevant performance parameter diagram,which is of great significance in designing and studying communication network,protocol and application.
    Medical Science
    A Genreal Introdnction of Epidemiology of Helicobacter Pylori
    YANG Wan-Gang, LI Xue-Feng
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  99-102. 
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    Helicobacter pylori(H.pylori) is one of the most common pathogens which is closely associated with chronic gastritis,peptic ulcers,intestinal epithelium metaplasia,gastric carcinoma and MALT.H.pylori takes the form of spiral.It has flagellae and many gene isoforms.The infectious rate of it in the global population has reached 50% and is more in the patients with chronic gastritis or peptic ulcers.The main source of infection of H.pylori is mankind.H.pylori can be spread through the way of mouth to mouth,stool to mouth and medicine.The etiological factors of H.pylori  include virulence factors,cellular factors,immunological factors,heredity susceptibilities of bodies.To recognize the propagation process and pathogenic  mechanism of the H.pylori has a vital significance in the prevention and therapy of it.
    Biological resources
    Culture of  Exobasidium Gracile(Shirai)Syd and Its Stimulating Effects
    GUO Chun-Qiu, WANG Wen-Long, WU Na
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  103-107. 
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    The exobasidium gracile(shirai) syd was cultured in thirteen mediums,which were PDA medium,PDA medium adding fresh tea juice,PDA medium adding parched and cracked teas,Gause 1 medium,Gause 1 medium adding fresh tea juice,Gause 1 medium adding parched and cracked teas,Czapek medium.The results showed that PDA medium adding fresh tea juice was the most suitable for the growth of exobasidium gracile(shirai) syd and the best culture temperature was 22.5 ℃;basidium was elliptical or cylindric with two to four basidiospore on its top.Mature basidiospore could generate conidiophore via microcircle conidiation,then grow and breed by way of germinate.Marinating the seeds of rice with conidia fermented liquid,it can be concluded that the fermented liquid can stimulate the buding of seeds and accelerate growth of root.
    Scientific research bulletin
    On the Exploitation of Information Resource of Technological Files
    YANG Fan, ZHOU Cai-Yun
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  108-111. 
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    Starting with introducing the characteristics of the technological files,the authors analyse the modality,significance and measures to exploit the information resource of technological files,and point out the relationship between exploitation and secrecy should be dealt with commendably.
    Measures and Objectives of Cultivating the Regular College StudentsMajoring in Physical Education
    LIU Shao-Ying
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  112-114. 
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    This paper studies the measures and objectives of cultivating the regular college students majoring in physical education in the knowledge economy epoch.It develops new ideas to cultivate knowledgeable,creative and compound P.E. regular college students and sets up the cultivation model of the P.E. major in Jishou University.
    Humanities Quality Cultivation of Sports Training  Majors of Sports Department or College
    TANG Li
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  115-117. 
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    The author proposes several ways to cultivate  humanities quality  of sports training majors in view of the present problem of the vague conceptions and improper ways,and the problem of restrictions on the reform and development of sports training teaching caused by the neglect of the humanities education.This paper provides some references for sports training major of sports department or college to implement quality-oriented education well.
    Development of the Sports-Relaxation Tourism  in the Western Minority  Regions
    XIAO Hong-Qing, ZHOU Dao-Ping, TANG Li
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  118-120. 
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    With the development of sports-relaxation tourism,people acknowledge more about sports-relaxation,and so have various demands for the sports-relaxation tourism products.Given the current situation of sports-relaxation tourism in the  western minority regions,the authors analyse  the issues concerning the policy and actions on how to develop and encourage the sports-relaxation tourism with the goal of rapid cultural and economic development.
    Development of the Sports Tourism Resources in the Autonomous Prefecture of Western Hunan
    ZHANG Xing-Qi, PENG Yong-Shan
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  121-124. 
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    The present situation development and the investment environment of the sports tourism resources in the Autonomous Prefecture of Western Hunan analysed in the paper by some scientific methods,such as document,field investigation,expert interview  and logical analysis.On the basis of this,some important ideas on the development of the sports tourism resources in the Autonomous Prefecture of Western Hunan are put forward.
    Intangible Sports Assets Development of Dragon Boat
    QI Ying, JIAN Bo
    journal6, 2005, 26(4):  125-128. 
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    Dragon boat,as a special culture phenomenon,has abundant ancient eastern cultural connotation.Meanwhile,as Chinese traditional gymnastic,entertaining  and athletic sports item,it has  great potential for the commercialization and marketablization to its intangible sports assets.This paper adopts literature material and expert interview,introduces the development of dragon boat sports,illustrates  its cultural value and the present problems.Combined with the content of intangible sports assets,specific measures of developing dragon boat sports science are thus designed.
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