Table of Content

    25 September 2010, Volume 31 Issue 5
    Mathematics
    Construction and Enumeration of Steiner Triple System of Order
    CHOU Wan-Xi, LI Xiao-Yi
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  1-4. 
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    The basic concept of constructing Steiner triple system of order v is described.The definition of edge matrix of a complete graph Kv is given.A method of constructing Steiner triple system of order 2t+1 is proposed.The entire procedures of constructing Steiner triple system of order 31 according to the steiner triple system of order 15 is explicated.The enumeration problem of Steiner triple system is discussed.
    Odd Perfect Numbers in Generalized Mersenne Numbers
    LE Mao-Hua
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  5-7. 
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    Let p be an odd prime,a and b be coprime positive integers with a>b,gcd(a,b)=1.more over let f(a,b,p)=(ap-bp)/(a-b).Using some elementary number theory methods,it is proved that if log a≤max(7log p,(2p-1-1)log p),f(a,b,p) is not an odd perfect number.
    Finite Groups with Just 5 Maximal Subgroups
    YOU Xing-Zhong, WANG Xiang-Fen, CHEN Wei-Min
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  8-10. 
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    How the number of maximal subgroups of a finite group influences its structure is investigated.The structure of a finite group with just five maximal subgroups  is determined.
    c-Normal Subgroups and Solvability of Finite Groups
    WU Jian-Ping
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  11-13. 
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    A subgroup H of a finite group G is said to be c-normal in G if there exists a normal subgroup K of G such that G=HK and H∩ K≤HG=CoreG(H),where HG=∩x∈G Hx is the largest normal subgroup of G,contained in H.In this paper,the author gives some conditions of a solvable group by using c-normality of subgroups.
    p-Amemiya Norm Inequalities for Generalized Martingale Transform Operators and Applications
    CUI Yun-An, YU Li-Mei
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  14-18. 
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    The p-Amemiya norm inequalities for a generalized martingale transform operators are proved.As an application,a new method to prove the p-Amemiya norm inequalities between the maximal functions and the p-mean functions of B-valued martingales is presented.The results depict the p uniform convexity and q uniform smoothness of the underlying Banach spaces.
    Oscillation of Even Order Neutral Nonlinear Differential Equation
    HAN Zhen-Lai, HAN Meng, LI Tong-Xing, SUN Ying
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  19-21. 
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    By means of Riccati transformation technique,this paper establishes some new criteria which guarantee all bounded solutions either oscillate or converge to zero for a class of  even order neutral differential equation with mixed nonlinearities and oscillating coefficient.
    Properties of the Charactristics of Hamilton-Jacobi Equations II
    ZHAO Yin-Chuan
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  22-25. 
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    Properties of the characteristics of  the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) equations of multi-dimensional space variables with convex Hamiltonians are studied.It is  proved that  there are only two kinds of characteristics:one never touches the singularity point,and  the other  touches the singularity point in a finite time.
    Some Properties of Nonnegative Matrix
    GAO Ying, REN Fang-Guo
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  26-28. 
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    The structure of nonnegative matrix in some special form is explored by means of constructing a new matrix.Some properties of irreducible & idempotent nonnegative matrix are characterized.
    Iterative Methods of a Kind of Constrained  Matrix Equations
    TANG Sai, ZHOU Fu-Zhao
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  29-33. 
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    The iterative methods of the matrix equations constrained by skew-symmetric matrices and skew-anti-symmetric matrices are studied.The iterative methods are constructed and its limited convergence is proved by means of the properties of matrix’s norm and straighten operator and by using their structures and properties.Therefore,the least-norm solution and optimal approximation solution of the matrix equations are obtained.
    Computer
    Digital Campus System Architecture Construction in Colleges and Universities
    XIAO Zhi-Xin, YANG Lin
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  34-37. 
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    Based on Jishou University’s digital campus construction as an example,this paper introduces the development of digital campus.Aiming of  some problems in the construction of digital campus,the paper points out that the unified planning and technological standards should be first carried out.At last,the general framework of digital campus construction in Jishou University is expounded.
    Obfusation Technique  of  Opaque Predicates Based on Java
    LI Xin-Liang, LUO Ge-Xi
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  38-42. 
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    The article introduc the  present research situation of obfusation technology and the software obfusation technology,gives a further study on obfusation method based on the opaque predicate,and presents a Java-based program to construct opaque predicate.This program increases the complexity of opaque predicates,improves the dynamic analysing obility to resist attacker,and thus increases the difficulty in de-compilation.
    Numerical Simulation of an New Bit-Split Sorting Algorithm Based on Java
    SONG Yao-Hu, TUO Qing
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  43-44. 
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    This paper introduces an new bit-split sorting algorithm which implemented by Java,discusses its basic principles,and compares it with quick sort algorithm.Through a variety of experimental analysis and numerical simulation using matlab,we can visually illustrates the efficiency of the algorithm.
    Information and Engineering
    Hardware/Software Co-Design of High Efficiency Virtual Machine
    GAO Kun, LI Bo-Yong, WANG Fang
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  45-49. 
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    To complete the design of high efficiency Java virtual machine,the author adopts soft/hardware coordinated programmable logic gate array (FPGA),analyses the  processing flow of Java virtual machine by hardware/software co-design,and presents  the context switching algorithm and collaborative design method of the hardware and software components.JVM benchmark program is applied to evaluation.The results show that with appropriate choice of system structure and collaborative design method,the performance of the JVM will be greatly improved.With the virtual machine commonly used accelerating methods,collaborative design will be a very cost-effective JVM.
    A Hybrid Weighted Algorithm of Cooperative Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks
    LIU Chuan-Qing
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  50-54. 
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    The key technology of cooperative spectrum sensing is to reduce control channel costs.A  weighted algorithm of cooperative spectrum sensing based on signal to noise ratio is proposed.The contribution is determined by the SNR of detection channel for soft decision result of double threshold,and  a relevant weighted value is allocated.Thereby,the invalid transmission is reduced.The simulation results show thatt his,algorithm can improve cooperation detection probability;meanwhile,it can reduce average sensing bit and  reduce overhead of common control channel.
    Optimal Design of CDMA Network Boundary Hard Switching
    CAI Wei-Hong
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  55-59. 
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    The boundary switching of local mobile network composed of different equipments is hard switching most of the time.The author has opitized and designed the CDMA boundary switching in Yongzhou and Hengyang of Hunan Province.Starting from analysing the reasons for high dropped call rate caused by boundary switching,the author has analyzed and changed the switching mannar.Through reasonable setting the wireless switching parameters,scientific configuration of MSCe date in Yongzhou and MSC data in Hengyang,and wireless side data,the CDMA network boundary switching in Yongzhou and Hengyang is solved through test validation and signaling analysis.
    Ontology Evolution Framework Based on Background Knowledge
    ZHANG Zi-Zhen
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  60-62. 
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    Ontologies need to evolve continually,for the application environment and users’ application requirements are always changing.The most important issue in the ontology evolution is how to establish the right relation between the newly arising information and the existing knowledge in the ontolgoy.An ontology evolution framework based on background knowledge is introduced,which can exploit the relation between the newly arising information and the existing knowledge in the ontolgoy,and improve the the ontology evolution process.
    Program Design and Simulation of Microcontroller Based on Platform Multisim
    TANG Xian-Yun
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  63-66. 
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    Through analysing software Multisim 10’s characteristics and taking as an example the design of composite sign showed by the water lamp  and seven-segment numerical tube LED digital display,this paper  introduces a program design and simulation method of controlling the virtual hardware by using mircrocontroller 8051 in the platform of Multisim 10.The MCU module in Multisim 10 and plenty of virtual electronic components and instruments  make the program design and simulation  possible without  the support from other external hardware device.
    Main Controller Design in Wind Turbine Generator System Based on EtherCAT
    SHI Da-Fa, WANG Hui, LIANG Xiao, RUAN Qian-Ru
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  67-71. 
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    The control system of wind turbine is a key component to the VSCF wind power system.It can guarantee the optimum operating state and accurate control.Computer control technology and network control greatly improve  the reliability and intelligence of wind turbines.This paper introduces Ethernet for Control Automation Technology (EtherCAT),and designs main controller of the wind power system,which  improves the capacity of real-time control and data transmission.In addition the hardware and software schemes are given.
    Bearing Capacity Analysis in the Design of Panel Zone of Steel Frame Structures
    YANG Zhi-Shuo
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  72-74. 
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    A brief history of the engineering in the United States and  Japan is put forward and current design methods are summarized.Bearing capacity calculation formulas are deduced for the design of panel zone with different section depths of beams in two sides.The methods to adjust the sections of beams and columns are proposed for insufficient bearing capacity.The reasons that the yield capacity of standard panel zone is not easy to achieve are analysed.
    Method of Constructing  National Third Grade Level Net in Hilly Areas
    LAI Zhen-Fa
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  75-78. 
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    To readjust the industrial structure and layout,resources must be integrated and the regional advantages of hilly areas must be exploited.The basic control nets,i.e. the D grade GPS net and the national third grade level net,can be developed according to the overall planning.That project can improve the construction of the basic control network in the hilly areas of China,which is significant to the hilly area surveying and mapping.The related technology outline,setting program,surveying method in field,data processing,and accuracy analysis are introduced.
    Biological resources
    Isolation and Identification of Endophytic Fungi of Huperzia Serrata
    ZHANG Lin, DUAN Zi-Ying, GENG Xin, LI Ke-Gang, WEI Zong, HU Song-Ping
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  79-84. 
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    Endophytic fungi of the cultured tissue from Huperzia serrata were isolated and identified by observing the appearance shape of colonies according to the Identification Handbook of Fungus.In this study,the endophytic fungi were cultured in PDA medium and purified by the methods of agar plate.At the same time the shape of these fungi was observed and identified by microphotograph technology.The results showed that there were seven endophytic fungi species isolated from the cultured tissue of the tip stem of Huperzia serrata,which respectively belonged to Peziza Dill.ex Fr,Paecilomyces Bainier,Saccardia Cooke,A.ustus,P.chrysogenim,Coniothecium Cda.
    Chemistry and chemical engineering
    Synthesis and Characterization of LiMn2O4/Ag Composite for Lithium Ion Battery
    XIAO Zhuo-Bing
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  85-88. 
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    The powder of LiMn2O4/Ag composite was prepared by citrate gel and combustion technique using lithium acetate,manganese acetate and silver nitrate as starting materials.Phase identification,surface morphology and electrochemical properties were studied by X-ray diffraction,scanning electron microscopy,galvanostatic charge-discharge experiments,and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.The results show that the powder is the composite of LiMn2O4 and Ag metal,and silver disperses homogeneously in LiMn2O4 particles.Compared with LiMn2O4,LiMn2O4/Ag composite has higher specific capacity,higher columbic efficiency and lower polarization.The additive of Ag improves the cycle ability of LiMn2O4 powders,especially at higher charge-discharge rate.
    Preparation of Highly Active Double Metal Cyanide Complexes with High Crystalinity and its Catalytic Performance
    CHEN Shang, WU Yuan-Xiang
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  89-92. 
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    Double metal cyanide complexes based on Zn3[Co(CN)6]2 were prepared by precipitate transformation from precursors such as ZnO,Zn(OH)2,ZnCO3,and basic ZnCO3,and the effect of preparative method on the catalytic efficiency towards copolymerization of propylene oxide and CO2 was investigated.The results show that DMC catalyst with Zn(OH)2 as precursor exhibits highest catalytic efficiency of  over 4 400 g/g,which is about double catalytic efficiency compared with complexes derived from solution precipitation method.The morphology of this precursor has significant impact on resulting catalytic efficiency,the phase Zn5(OH)8Cl2·H2O produced by precipitating reaction of ZnCl2 and  NaOH can be transferred effectively into active site of catalyst to afford highly active catalyst with high crystalinity.The study also shows that catalytic efficiency of final catalyst relates to average particle size of precursor,the catalytic efficiency decreases sharply while average particle size of precursor is great than 75 μm.
    Preparation of Titanium Dioxide Fiber and Its Photocatalysis Degradation Performance on Congo Red
    JIANG Jian-Bo, 欧Yang-Yu-Zhu , TIAN Fang-Hua, ZHOU Zhi-Gang
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  93-95. 
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    Using TiO2 powders as precursor,the TiO2 nanometer fiber was prepared by hydrothermal reaction.The structure of the product was analyzed by SEM,XRD and IR.photocatalysis.The degradation performance of the synthetic product on Congo red was investigated.The results showed that the product was anatase TiO2 with good crystallization,and the degradation rate of Congo red by TiO2 powder and fibers were 89.1% and 97.4%,respectively.
    Preparation of Nanometer Zinc Oxide Powders by Wet Leaching of Low-Grade Zinc Oxide Ore
    SHI Ai-Hua, ZENG Meng-Xiong, ZHOU Zai-Xing, YAN Wen-Bin
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  96-100. 
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    The pure ZnSO4 solution was obtained by low-grade ZnO ore as raw materials after the process of H2SO4 leaching and purification.Nanometer ZnO powders were prepared by direct precipitation method using NH4HCO3 as precipitator.The effects of various factors such as the mole ratio of NH4HCO3 to ZnSO4,reaction temperature,reaction time,thermal decomposition temperature and time of basic zinc carbonate precursors on the particle size of nanometer powders  and the precipitation rate or the purity of ZnO were investigated systematically.XRD and SEM were used to characterize the structure and size of ZnO particle.The results show that the ZnO powders with hexagonal structure,spherical morphologies,40 nm of average crystal size and 97.5% of purity are obtained.The main technical indices of nanometer ZnO powders prepared by the above route met GB/T19589—2004 National Standard.The processes are simple and easy for industrialization.
    Medical Science
    Detection of Respiratory Syncytial Virus by Real Time Reverse Transcription PCR
    CHEN Ming-Xiong, GUO Jin-Xia, DU Zhao-Feng, OuYang-Fang-Dan , HUANG Lie, LU Xue-Dong, ZENG Fan-Sheng
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  101-103. 
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    Objective To develop a rapid,sensitive and specific real-time reverse transcription PCR(RT-PCR) for detecting respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).Method The primer and probe were designed according to the RSV gene sequency,and the real-time reverse transcription PCR reaction was optimized.The real time RT-PCR was applied to detect 686 clinical respiratory specimens.Results  The RSV was detected by real time RT-PCR accurately and quickly.Among those 686 specimens,113(16.5%) were positive for RSV.Conclusion Real time RT-PCR is a reliable and accurate assay for RSV.The detecting method can be applied to the clinical diagnosis of the RSV infection in children.
    Effects of Water Extracts from Euscaphis Japonica on Hepatic Fibrosis in Rats
    GAO Hui, ZHONG Fei, LI Chun-Yan, LV Jiang-Ming , PENG Ying-Fu
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  104-106. 
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    Fifty rats were randomly divided into normal group,model group,Colchicine group,high and low dose Euscaphis Japonica groups.Hepatic fibrosis models were established by CCl4 twice a week via intragastric administration for 8 weeks except normal groups.Colchicine (0.1 mg/kg) had been administered to the Colchicine group,water extracts from Euscaphis Japonica (1 mL/kg or 0.2 mL/kg) had been administered to the high and low dose Euscaphis Japonica groups from the fourth week. Five weeks later,all rats were killed to draw blood and separate serum,and  then all serum samples were analysed.The results showed that the  levels of HA,LN and PⅢP in the high and low dose Euscaphis Japonica groups were significantly lower than those in the model groups;there were no significant differences of HA,LN concentration between the high dose group and Colchicine group;and the level of PⅢP in high dose group was higher then that in Colchicine group but lower then in low dose group.It is concluded that water extracts from Euscaphis Japonica can be used to treat hepatic fibrosis in a dose-dependent manner.
    Management
    Development Tendency of Service Outsourcing of China in Post-Financial-Crisis Era
    LI De-Yang, YAO Zhi-Yi
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  107-110. 
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    The strong factors which drive the international service outsourcing development after financial crisis have triggered the readjustment and development in the business of service outsourcing.In China,the abundant low-cost human resource,well-developed manufacture,and the favorable policy environment will result in rapid development of service outsourcing business and the transformation of value chain from the low-end to the high-end.
    Economics
    Unbalanced Economic Development  and Coordinated Development of Eastern and Western  China
    WANG Zhao-Feng, CHEN Pan
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  111-115. 
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    Since reform and opening,China’s regional economic development is in a serious unbalanced condition,making the gap of the commodity markets between the two regions  grow.According to the interactive mechanism of the regional economic development and harmonious commodity markets development,this paper,from three aspects of element structure,demand structure and industry structure,analyses the gap of commodity market development caused by unbalanced economic development.And based on this,this paper proposes some suggestions to promote the coordinated development of regional economy.
    Reasons for the Formation of Financial Derivative Instrument Risks and Control
    WANG Da-Yun
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  116-118. 
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    The background of financial derivative instrument is explained.The reasons for the formation of financial derivative instrument risks are analyzed.According to China’s actual conditions,the related prevention and controlling measures are put forward.
    Education and teaching
    Individual Non-linear Study and Its Function in Contemporary College Study
    YANG Bo
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  119-121. 
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    Individual non-linear study is the application of non-linear science in individual learning activities.It usually occurs when an individual enters the higher stage of learning in ill-structured domain.It can help a college student realize the complicated needs of society,harmonize the relationship between learning itself and learning circumstances and satisfy his wishes for creative studies,so as to help him to obtain a solid foundation for his further learning.
    Construction of School-Based Management System of College Sports Curriculum According to Project of Higher Education Quality and Teaching Reform
    ZHOU Song-Xian
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  122-125. 
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    After analyzing the background of the Project of Higher Education Quality and Teaching Reform and the significance of school-based management of college sports curriculum,the author points out to construct a school-based management system of college sports curriculum,it is necessary to improve the teachers’ quality,to build teaching unions,and to establish the ISO9000 quality management system.
    Physical Education in Vocational Schools According to  “School-Enterprise Cooperation”  Mode
    CHEN Zhi-Ping
    journal6, 2010, 31(5):  126-128. 
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    Starting from analyzing the significance of physical education in vocational schools according to the “school-enterprise cooperation” mode,the author clarifies the key points and the implement plan.
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